Saturday, May 30, 2015 10:13:36 PM Comment Tailler Un Plant De Cannabis En Video
22) 7-hydroxy-tl6-THC (71)
is prepared'" in excellent yield from tll~7)_THC (13)
will be noticed.
Clearly, even societies with powerful scientific and empirical traditions will contain
subcultures which have less faith in the logic of the senses than others have. Moreover, all
cultures have absorbed one or another mode of reasoning differentially, so that some
institutions will typify the dominant mode more characteristically than others. Certainly,
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The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 3
few in even the most empirical of civilizations will apply the same rules of evidence in the
theater of their family as in their workaday world.
The more complex the society, the greater the number of competing versions
concerning reality. The positivists were in error in assuming that greater knowledge would
bring epistemological convergence. The arenas of controversy are more far-flung than
they ever have been. Now, instead of societies differing as to how they view the real
world, subsegments of the same society differ as well. This poses a serious problem for
those members of society who have an emotional investment in stability and the
legitimacy of their own special version of reality. The problem becomes, then, a matter of
moral hegemony, of legitimating one distinctive view of the world and of discrediting
competing views. These rules of validating reality, and society's faith in them, may serve
as strategies in ideological struggles. Contending parties will wish to establish veracity by
means of the dominant cultural mode.
All societies invest this selection process with an air of mystification. Using Peter
Berger's phrase: "Let the institutional order be so interpreted as to hide, as much as
possible, its constructed character.... The humanly constructed nomoi are given a cosmic
status...."4 This process must not, above all, be seen as whimsical and arbitrary; it must
be grounded in the nature of reality itself. The one selected view of the world must be
seen as the only possible view of the world; it must be identified with the real world. All
other versions of reality must be seen as whimsical and arbitrary and, above all, in error.
At one time, this twin mystification process was religious in character: views in
competition with the dominant one were heretical and displeasing to the gods—hence,
Galileo's crime. Now, of course, the style is to cloak what Berger terms "fictitious
necessities" with an aura of scientific validity. Nothing has greater discrediting power
today than the demonstration that a given assertion has been "scientifically disproven."
Our contemporary pawnbrokers of reality are scientists.
Value and Fact in Negotiating the Marijuana Reality
Probably no area of social life reflects this selective process more than drug use.
Society has constructed the social concept "drug" in such a way that it excludes elements
which are substantially identical to those it includes. What is seen as the essential reality
of a given drug and its use is a highly con
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